Wisdom Tooth Removal Surgery – Impacted Tooth Extraction

What are Wisdom Teeth?

Also known as third molars, wisdom teeth are the last set of teeth to develop, usually between the ages of 17 and 25. They are called 'wisdom' teeth because they appear at time often associated with coming of age and gaining wisdom. Some individuals might never develop wisdom teeth, while some may have one, two, three, or all four wisdom teeth. In dentistry, the removal of wisdom teeth is a common dental procedure when the teeth don't have enough room to grow properly, leading to pain, infection, and other dental problems. It's crucial, therefore, to understand and learn about wisdom teeth and their potential impact on overall dental health. A screening x-ray is useful in the late teens.

Keep reading for more information and education related to wisdom tooth extraction and dentistry in general.

What are Wisdom Teeth

Complications of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Consequence of Unremoved Wisdom Teeth

Complications can arise when wisdom teeth become impacted, meaning they are unable to fully emerge through the gums. Give us a call if you suspect you have impacted wisdom teeth. We will assist to evaluate your situation, determine the appropriate course of action, and recommend wisdom teeth removal if necessary to prevent potential complications and maintain optimal oral health. 

Some common complications associated with impacted wisdom teeth include:

 

Tooth & Molar Infection

Impacted wisdom teeth can create pockets around the gum tissue, making it difficult to clean properly. This can lead to the development of infections such as pericoronitis, characterized by issues such as inflammation and swelling of the surrounding tissues.

Tooth & Molar Decay

Partially erupted or impacted wisdom teeth are more challenging to clean effectively, increasing the risk of tooth decay (cavities) and gum disease.

Crowding and Shifting of Teeth

Impacted wisdom teeth can exert pressure on adjacent teeth, causing them to become misaligned or crowded. This can disrupt the natural alignment of the teeth and impact overall oral health.

Cysts or Tumors

In some cases, impacted wisdom teeth can lead to the formation of cysts or benign tumors. These growths can cause damage to the surrounding teeth, bone, and nerves if left untreated.

 

Sinus Problems

Impacted upper wisdom teeth can extend into the sinus cavities, potentially leading to sinus symptoms, such as sinus pain, congestion, infection on cyst.

Jaw Joint Pain and Stiffness

Impacted wisdom teeth can contribute to jaw pain, discomfort, and stiffness, especially when they cause inflammation or exert pressure on the surrounding structures.

 

Difficulty in Oral Health & Hygiene

Impacted wisdom teeth can make it challenging to clean the surrounding areas properly, increasing the risk of plaque buildup, gum disease, and caries.

Signs and Symptoms of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

The signs and symptoms of impacted wisdom teeth may vary from person to person. Not everyone with impacted wisdom teeth will experience all of these symptoms. If you suspect you have impacted wisdom teeth or are experiencing any of these signs, it is advisable to book a consultation with us as we will evaluate your condition, conduct a thorough examination, and recommend the appropriate treatment options tailored to your specific needs. Some common indicators of impacted wisdom teeth include:

Signs and Symptoms of Impacted Wisdom Teeth

Jaw Joint Pain

Pain or discomfort in the back of the mouth or jaw is a common symptom of impacted wisdom teeth. This pain can be intermittent or persistent and may worsen when chewing or opening the mouth wide.

Swollen or Tender Gums

The gums around the impacted wisdom teeth can become red, swollen, or tender. This inflammation may extend to the surrounding areas and cause discomfort.

Jaw Stiffness

Impacted wisdom teeth can contribute to jaw stiffness or limited jaw movement. This can make it challenging to open the mouth fully or move the jaw comfortably.

Bad Breath

When wisdom teeth are impacted, it can create pockets of space around the partially erupted teeth. Bacteria can accumulate in these areas, leading to bad breath or an unpleasant taste in the mouth.

 

Headaches

Impacted wisdom teeth can cause headaches, particularly in the temples or at the back of the head. These headaches may be recurrent and worsen over time.

Difficulty or Pain while Chewing

Impacted wisdom teeth can make it difficult to chew properly, leading to discomfort or pain while eating. This can be due to the pressure exerted by the impacted teeth on the surrounding tissues.

Swelling around the Jaw or Face

In some cases, impacted wisdom teeth can cause swelling around the jaw, face, or cheeks. This swelling may be accompanied by tenderness or pain.

Local Irritation or Ulcers

The presence of impacted wisdom teeth can lead to irritation or ulcers in the surrounding soft tissues, particularly if they rub against the cheeks or tongue.

 

Importance of Wisdom Tooth Extraction and Removal

Importance of Wisdom Tooth Extraction and Removal

One of the key reasons for wisdom tooth extraction is to prevent dental problems. Impacted wisdom teeth can cause crowding, misalignment, and damage to adjacent teeth. They can also increase the risk of gum disease, tooth decay, and infections. By removing these problematic teeth, the potential complications associated with impacted wisdom teeth can be avoided, thus preserving the overall health of the mouth.

Extracting impacted wisdom teeth also prevent the development of cysts or tumors around the impacted teeth. These growths can cause damage to the surrounding teeth, bone, and nerves if left untreated. Early extraction of impacted wisdom teeth are recommended to avoid complications and to promote overall oral health.

Preparation for Wisdom Tooth Extraction Surgery

Wisdom tooth removal and extraction procedure is done by OMIC dentist in an operation under local anaesthesia. Preparation for wisdom tooth surgery helps to ensure a smooth and successful procedure. Here are some key aspects to consider when preparing for wisdom tooth removal and extraction surgery:

  • Follow Procedure Instructions - We will provide specific instructions to follow before the surgery. This may include fasting for a certain period before the procedure, especially if general anaesthesia is used. Adhere to these instructions carefully to ensure your safety and reduce the risk of complications.

 

  • Arrange Transportation Beforehand - As the surgery may involve anaesthesia or sedation, you may want to arrange for someone to drive you to and from our clinic. You may not be in a condition to drive immediately after the procedure.

 

  • Medications and Supplements - Do inform us about any medications, supplements, or herbal remedies you are currently taking. We will advise you on whether you need to modify or temporarily discontinue any medications before the surgery.

 

  • Plan for The Recovery - Schedule some time off from work or school to allow for proper rest and recovery after the surgery. Depending on the complexity of the procedure and your individual healing process, you may need a few days to a week for recovery.

 

  • Get Ready For Soft Foods - Prepare soft food in advance, as you will likely need to stick to a soft diet for a few days following the surgery. Stock up on items such as soups, smoothies, yogurt, mashed potatoes, and blended fruits.

 

Recovery and After Care Following Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Recovery and aftercare following wisdom tooth removal and extraction procedure are crucial for proper healing and minimizing potential complications. Here are some important guidelines to follow:

  • Rest and Limit Physical Activity - Plan to rest and limit physical activity for the first few days after surgery. Avoid strenuous exercise and heavy lifting, as it can increase bleeding and delay the healing process.

 

  • Apply Ice Packs - To reduce swelling and discomfort, apply ice pack or cold compresses to the outside of your face in the surgical area. Use them for 20 minutes on, then 20 minutes off, for the first 24 to 48 hours after surgery.

 

  • Take The Prescribed Medications - Take any prescribed medications, such as pain relievers or antibiotics, as directed by your dentist or oral surgeon. Follow the recommended dosage and frequency to manage pain and prevent infection.

 

  • Control The Bleeding - Some bleeding is normal after surgery. Bite down on a gauze pad placed over the surgical area for about 30 minutes to control bleeding. Change the gauze pad as needed. If bleeding persists or becomes excessive, contact your dentist or oral surgeon.

 

  • Oral Health & Hygiene - Gently clean your mouth, but avoid the surgical area for the first 24 hours. After that, rinse your mouth with warm saltwater (a teaspoon of salt dissolved in eight ounces of warm water) several times a day to promote healing and maintain oral health and hygiene. Be cautious not to rinse too vigorously to avoid dislodging the blood clot.

 

  • Soft Diet - Stick to a soft diet for the first few days following surgery. Choose foods such as soups, mashed potatoes, yogurt, smoothies, and scrambled eggs. Avoid hot and spicy foods, hard or crunchy foods, and foods that require excessive chewing.

 

  • Avoid Smoking and Alcohol - Refrain from smoking and drinking alcohol during the recovery period, as they can impede the healing process and increase the risk of complications.

 

  • Keep the Surgical Area Clean - Keep the surgical area clean by gently brushing your teeth, being careful to avoid the extraction site. Avoid using a toothbrush near the surgical area for the first few days. You can resume gentle brushing in that area after the initial healing phase.

 

  • Follow Procedure Instructions - Follow any specific postoperative instructions provided by your dentist or oral surgeon. These may include additional guidelines for pain management, dietary restrictions, and care for any dissolvable stitches or surgical dressings.

 

  • Attend Follow-up Appointments - Attend any scheduled follow-up appointments with us to monitor your healing progress and ensure proper recovery.

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